Birch 1

Birch, also called silver birch (scientific name: Betulapendula), has a heartwood of light red-brown color. Sapwood is nearly white. Its texture is even, its luster is low, and its grain ranges from slightly wavy to mostly straight.

Birch is commonly found in Eastern North America. It is perishable, is prone to insect attack, and will rot.

Janka Hardness :

4,050 N (910 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

610 kg/m3 (38 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Good results can be achieved with either hand tools or machine tools. It does well with glues and stains, and finishes well. Boards with wild grain are prone to tear-out during machining.


Pricing / Availability

Birch lumber is generally reasonably priced; its price range is usually similar to that of maple and oak. However, figured boards made of birchwood can be slightly costlier than their maple or oak counterparts.



Birch is not listed in the CITES Appendices or IUCN’s Red List.


Common Uses

It is used extensively as plywood, in boxes and crates, in interior homes trims, in turned wooden objects, and in certain specialty wooden objects.

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