Butternut 1

Butternut, also called White Walnut (scientific name: Juglans cinerea), has a heartwood of light to medium tan color, occasionally with a red tint. Sapwood is pale yellow-white. Its texture is moderate to coarse, its luster is silky, and its grain is straight.

Butternut is commonly found in eastern United States. It ranges from moderately durable to not durable and is prone to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

2,180 N (490 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

435 kg/m3 (27 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

It is easy to work butternut with hand tools and machine tools. It is good with glues and stains, and it finishes well. Because it is so soft, planing and sanding can leave its surface fuzzy. Avoid using fine grit sandpaper and sharp cutters.


Pricing / Availability

Butternut is generally available in the domestic market in the form of lumber or carving blanks. In terms of pricing, it is regarded as a "mid-range" domestic hardwood.



While butternut is not mentioned in either the IUCN’s Red List or in the CITES Appendices, it is still protected by Canadian authorities since a large number of butternut trees have been affected by a fungal disease colloquially known as "butternut canker". This affliction in butternut trees is not native to Canada; it has also affected trees of this kind in the US, thereby compelling the US Fish and Wildlife Service to mention it in its list of species of federal concern.


Common Uses

Butternut is used in the manufacture of boxes and crates, for furniture, as veneers, for carvings, and for decorative purposes such as in interior trims.

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