Different Types of Walnut Hardwood Lumber: Your Ultimate Guide

In woodworking, few materials evoke the timeless charm and versatility that walnut wood lumber does. Woodworking aficionados favour walnut for its exceptional strength, durability, and captivating beauty. This blog post delves into the distinct characteristics and applications of different types of walnut wood lumber: English, Black, Claro, White, Bastogne, and Peruvian Walnut. From classic elegance to exotic allure, each species brings its own personality, providing endless creative possibilities for woodworking enthusiasts. Let’s learn in detail about each of these:

English Walnut (Juglans regia)

Native to North and South America, southern Europe, Asia, and the West Indies, English Walnut, also known as Persian Walnut, exudes timeless sophistication. Its heartwood displays a spectrum of colours from light to medium brown, accompanied by pale sapwood. With a straight grain pattern and subtle elegance, English Walnut is a favourite among artisans and woodworkers.

Properties: English Walnut boasts moderate hardness and workability, making it an ideal choice for fine furniture and cabinetry. Its smooth surface takes finishes exceptionally well, enhancing its lustrous appearance.

Applications: Revered for its refined beauty, English Walnut is a top pick for crafting heirloom-quality furniture, veneers, and decorative items.

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Black Walnut, originating from North America, reigns supreme as one of the most treasured walnut species. Its heartwood flaunts deep, rich brown to purplish hues, gracefully contrasting with lighter sapwood. Black Walnut’s captivating grain patterns, ranging from straight to wavy, are adorned by occasional burls or figures.

Properties: Possessing outstanding workability and durability, Black Walnut is a staple in high-end woodworking projects. Its versatility makes it suitable for a wide array of applications.

Applications: Black Walnut’s exquisite beauty makes it the wood of choice for crafting fine furniture, cabinetry, gunstocks, and musical instruments.

Claro Walnut (Juglans hindsii)

Commonly called the Northern California black walnut, Claro Walnut is a unique and alluring species with a diverse palette of colours. Its heartwood boasts warm browns, purples, oranges, and even streaks of green. The figure of Claro Walnut, featuring burls, curls, and intricate patterns, renders each piece a true work of art.

Properties: Renowned for its exceptional workability, Claro Walnut stands as a favoured choice among woodworkers and artisans seeking to work with distinct and remarkable materials.

Applications: Highly sought after for high-end furniture, turning, and decorative veneers, Claro Walnut imparts a touch of elegance to any creation.

White Walnut or Butternut (Juglans cinerea)

White Walnut, commonly known as Butternut, showcases a gentle and rustic charm. Its heartwood ranges from light tan to medium brown, complemented by pale sapwood. The straight grain pattern and smooth texture enhance its unpretentious beauty.

Properties: While softer than some other walnut species, White Walnut is favoured for its ease of workability, making it an ideal choice for intricate carvings and delicate designs.

Applications: White Walnut finds a place in creating rustic furniture, intricate carvings, and smaller wooden objects.

Bastogne Walnut 

A hybrid between English and Claro Walnut, Bastogne Walnut boasts the best of both parents. Its heartwood exhibits a beautiful blend of colours, while its figure showcases captivating patterns.

Properties: With exceptional workability and striking appearance, Bastogne Walnut is a favoured choice for fine woodworking and turning projects.

Applications: Woodworkers and artisans value Bastogne Walnut for creating unique and exquisite furniture pieces, turned objects, and specialty items.

Peruvian Walnut (Juglans neotropica)

Hailing from South America, Peruvian Walnut captivates with its deep, dark brown hues. Its heartwood’s velvety appearance is both elegant and alluring.

Properties: Possessing good workability and strength, Peruvian Walnut serves as a reliable choice for various woodworking applications.

Applications: Peruvian Walnut is used in furniture making, cabinetry, and architectural millwork, where its dark tones add depth and sophistication.


At Tropical Forest Products, we offer a vast array of premium walnut wood lumber. Our unwavering dedication to sustainable forestry practices and responsible sourcing ensures that these cherished walnut species remain available for generations to come. By prioritizing ecological balance and supporting environmentally-conscious suppliers, we actively contribute to the preservation of our natural resources and the protection of precious forests.

If you’re in search of a trusted and premium hardwood dealer with an unmatched inventory of walnut wood in Canada and the United States, your quest ends here. Reach out to Tropical Forest Products today for all your woodworking needs, and let us provide you with the finest walnut species and more. Together, let’s craft timeless creations that showcase the majestic allure of walnut wood while preserving the beauty of our natural world for future generations to appreciate and cherish.

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